On this day 70 years ago, the Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp was liberated from the Nazi's in what some believed began the end of the Second World War. Today is International Holocaust Memorial Day, a day of commemoration to those who suffered under Nazi persecution, and other victims of international genocide.
We’ve taken a look at a handful of the most poignant memorials people will be visiting to reflect on the tragic events that occurred between 1941-1945.
Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp
6 million Poles, including 3 million Jews, perished in Nazi concentration camps between 1940-45 over 1,5 million at Auschwitz alone. Many of the original buildings stand to this day in Auschwitz as a bleak reminder of the camp’s history.
Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp
Many Nazi concentration camps have been preserved and opened to the public as memorials to what happened and how. It is estimated nearly 35,000 victims in Sachsenhausen, the closest camp to Berlin. The parade ground stands before two remaining barrack blocks: one is now a museum and the other a memorial hall and cinema where a film about the history of the camp is shown hourly, on the hour.
Kazimierz: Jewish Quarter
Kazimierz was the historical centre of Krakow’s Jewish religious and social life and was incorporated into Krakow in the 18th century. The tour takes you to the most important monuments in this area including the Old Synagogue, the Remuh Synagogue and Remuh Cemetery
Jewish Museum and Judenplatz Exhibition
This museum in Vienna seeks to raise awareness of Jewish history, religion, and culture. Vienna was home to a thriving Jewish community, one of the largest and most important in Europe.
Terezin, Jewish Ghetto Town & Museum
This second world war labour camp and Jewish Ghetto Town in Prague is a very popular destination for educational trips as a reminder of the disastrous consequences of the suppression of freedom, democracy and human rights.